Puppy Basics: Nutrition for Small Breeds
The most rapid growth occurs in the first months of your puppy's life. His immune system is developing. Bones are growing. Muscles are getting stronger. This rate of growth requires just the right mix of nutrients. To make sure your puppy is getting optimal nutrition to protect and maintain health and well-being, here are some key points to keep in mind.
Feeding Your Puppy
From the time your puppy is weaned until 4 months of age, you should feed your puppy two to three meals a day, with the daily amount based on the guidelines of the food label. After 4 months of age, your puppy should be fed twice a day on a regular schedule. Always have fresh water available.
More Energy, More Protein
Research shows that puppies need up to twice as much energy as adult dogs. Dramatic growth at this stage means your puppy requires an energy-rich, nutrient-dense complete and balanced diet. Puppies also require more protein than adult dogs. High-quality animal-based protein will help your puppy create new body tissue.
One Size Does Not Fit All
Not all puppies have the same nutritional needs. Small-breed puppies have higher metabolism rates per pound and reach their mature adult weight faster than larger-breed puppies. And small-breed puppies need high levels of protein, fat, calcium, and phosphorus to support growth and development of bones, muscles, and other tissues. So, giving your puppy a food that supports his breed size is the easiest way to make sure he's getting the right balance of nutrients for his growth rate.
Small-breed puppies have another special feature: small mouths and stomachs. Make sure your puppy's food has small kibble for easy chewing. A nutrient-dense formula will help make sure he's getting a complete and balanced diet even though his stomach can only accommodate what seems like a small volume of food. IAMS® ProActive Health™ Smart Puppy Small & Toy Breed formula features higher amounts of protein in a smaller, easy-to-chew kibble.
Choosing Puppy Food
Aside from energy and protein, there are other important nutrients and ingredients vital to your puppy's diet:
- Vitamin-rich fish oils to support overall health
- Essential vitamins and minerals to help support the immune system and help your puppy stay healthy during this critical stage of growth
- Animal-based protein sources to help nourish growing muscles, vital organs, and skin and coat
- A fiber source that will help keep your puppy’s sensitive digestive system healthy, so more nutrition stays in your puppy
- Ideal levels of calcium and phosphorus to help your puppy develop strong teeth and bones
These are important building blocks of nutrition. Look for them when you choose dry or canned dog food and when you select treats.
The Switch to Adult Food
A small-breed puppy reaches adult weight nine to 12 months faster than larger breeds that aren't fully mature until 24 months of age. You can begin feeding an adult dog food at this time, such as IAMS ProActive Health Adult Small & Toy Breed. Your dog might not welcome the change at first, but don't worry. You can help ease the transition by gradually introducing the adult food. Try mixing 25% of the new food with 75% of his puppy food, then gradually change the proportions over the next three weeks until he's eating 100% adult food.